b. sugar and water. GELI Enterprises in joint collaboration with CET Biology Academy has taken this initiative of providing Biology MCQs to Entrance Examination Applicants. In this situation, an increase in carbon dioxide concentration will not increase the photosynthesis rate. Biology Important Questions Class 11 are given below.. This site does not support the use of animals for education, research and testing. The chemical equation for photosynthesis is the following: 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + light --> C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6 O₂. The book is divided into several sections. NADPH acts as a reductant of carbon dioxide, delivering highly energetic hydrogen atoms to precursor molecules during the glucose formation process. In which organisms does photosynthesis happen? However, the pure mathematical simplification of stoichiometric coefficients leads to elimination of water from the product side, making it appear that 6 molecules of oxygen (O₂), that is, 12 atoms of oxygen, are made from the 6 molecules of water, that is, 6 oxygen atoms, in the reagent side. The electrons replace those electrons lost by chlorophyll molecules during photophosphorylation. At midnight, what is happening in the leaf of a plant? 8. Chlorophyll is green because it reflects the green light frequency, meaning that it does not “use” the green range of the electromagnetic spectrum. The main product is the simple sugar glucose. (tick one answer)a) Plantsb) Animalsc) Plants and animalsd) None of the above[Misconception – the major photosynthetic product from photosynthesis is glucose]6. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biology: Photosynthesis. The reaction is called photophosphorylation when the energy source is light, like in photosynthesis. The products are glucose and oxygen. The gas evolved in bubbling pond weed in the light is: (tick one answer)a) pure carbon dioxideb) pure oxygenc) air enriched with O2 plus CO2 and N2d) none of the aboveMisconception – the ‘dark reaction’/light independent stage/ Calvin cycle only occurs in the dark 10. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. Glucose and oxygen. my question is can we produce infinite energy in this way? The second Think About It question is an application of Learning Objective 2.5 and Science Practice 6.2 because you are explaining how the interdependent processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration allow organisms to capture, store, and use free energy. The sun, the center of our planetary system and a star in the Milky Way galaxy (our galaxy), is the source of the energy processed and consumed by living organisms. The chemical stage of photosynthesis depends on NADPH and ATP produced through “light reactions” (the photochemical stage). Challenge your Facebook and Twitter friends. Choose another Q&A sequence to study by using the subject menu. a. water and carbon dioxide. They enable a wider range of wavelength of incoming light to be utilized for photosynthesis. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Biology: Photosynthesis webquest print page. Because of this, some plants prepare themselves for the winter by making nutrient stores. Which of the following are reactants in photosynthesis? Here we have covered Important Questions on Photosynthesis in Higher Plants for Class 11 Biology subject.. (tick one answer), a) Respirationb) Photosynthesisc) Photosynthesis and respirationd) None of the above[Misconception - Plants photosynthesise, whereas animals respire (plants do not respire).]4. When ATP hydrolyzes and becomes ADP, energy is released and then consumed by several metabolic reactions. The end product(s) of photosynthesis in plants are oxygen plus: (tick one answer) a) Glucose b) Starch c) Starch and Sucrose d) Water Misconception – Photosynthesis is the opposite of respiration 7. APPLICATION QUESTION ~~16. Where does most of a plant's biomass come from? Which pigment converts light energy into chemical energy? Carbon dioxide and water. Chlorophyll molecules are distributed in an organized manner in order to enhance the exposure of thylakoid surfaces to light. The end product(s) of photosynthesis in plants are oxygen plus: (tick one answer)a) Glucoseb) Starch c) Starch and Sucrosed) WaterMisconception – Photosynthesis is the opposite of respiration  7. Flowers serve a reproductive purpose, so again, there's no reason for plants to use them for photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide and water. The rate of respiration depends on the energy needs of the plant while the rate of photosynthesis varies depending on the availability of light energy, if all other conditions are maintained the same. Intro to photosynthesis. “Dark reactions” is not a correct name for the chemical stage of photosynthesis since the reactions of the chemical stage also occur in the presence of light. The “Z” scheme in photosynthesis represents: (tick one answer)a)   Photosystems I and II, and electron transport components, that are evenly distributed throughout higher plant chloroplast thylakoid membranesb)   How Photosystems I and II are spatially separated between thylakoid stacks and intrathylakoid lamellae, coupled by mobile electron carriers which shuttle back and forth through the membranec)   Shows how electrons are dislodged from chlorophyll by photons and transferred through the pigment bed to each reaction centreMisconception – (untouched) Rainforests, and forests in general, provide the O2 we breathe every year (in the past they did, as carbon was sequestered and buried in soils and as fossil fuel reserves)14. Which of the following need oxygen to survive? The phosphorylation is oxidative when the energy incorporated comes from the breaking down of organic molecules with oxygen as reagent, like in aerobic cellular respiration. The hydrogen ions are incorporated into hydrogen acceptor molecules (NADP) and later will be used in the synthesis of glucose during the chemical stage. Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions by which living plants utilize carbon dioxide and water in presence of sunlight to form carbohydrates. Some of this energy reaches our planet. “Photosynthesis” 2 Using the workbook This workbook is designed to provide the student with notes, illustrations, questions and guided examples for the topic of photosynthesis at AQA A2 level. There are many organisms (including all animals) that do not use photosynthesis. Some simple questions on Photosynthesis which worked well with my Year 8's. NADP is the abbreviation for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate cation, a hydrogen acceptor. (20 points) "Is this question part of your assignment? 4. Though it accounts for only about 1% of the energy received from solar radiation, photosynthesis is essential to the sustenance of life. The pupils: In plants and algae, light is absorbed by chlorophyll, a molecule present in cytoplasmic organelles called chloroplasts. One atom of magnesium is present at the center of a combination of eight nitrogen-containing carbon rings. Therefore, green light does not favor photosynthesis (strangely, green is the range of the light spectrum that plants “dislike”). The general equation for photosynthesis is: 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + light --> C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6 O₂. Light from the sun is transformed into chemical energy contained in organic material through the process of photosynthesis. As photosynthesis consumes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen, it helps counteract the effect of combustion of fossil fuels. 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Glucose is made of carbon and oxygen atoms obtained from carbon dioxide as well as hydrogen atoms obtained from water. Where does the energy for the process come from? Sex Chromosomes and Sex-Linked Inheritance. Just select (or double-click) a question to share. Lactic acid. In photosynthesis, light, water and carbon dioxide react and highly energetic glucose molecules and molecular oxygen are produced. As a result, the false impression that 6 other oxygens atoms come from the carbon dioxide is created. Photosynthesis occurs in the green tissue of plants. It will suffice … What are the two sets of reactions called? Start studying Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Questions. Light energy captured by photosynthesis is used in a plant for the synthesis of: (tick one answer)a) Carbohydrates b) Carbohydrates, Fatty acids and Proteinsc) Fatty Acids and Proteinsd) None of the aboveMisconception – pure oxygen is bubbled from aquatic plants in the light9. Using manganese in an artificial system is a biomimetric approach-- it directly mimics the biology found in plants. The energy released when these electrons escape is used in the phosphorylation of ADP, forming ATP. However, oxygen atoms from carbon dioxide are incorporated into glucose molecules and the water molecules released in the chemical stage of photosynthesis. Chloroplasts are made up of two membrane layers, the outer and the inner membranes. ATP stores energy for the cell. The color divisions of the electromagnetic spectrum in decreasing order of frequency are: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. This survey was compiled with the kind assistance of Prof Howard Griffiths, Department of Plant Science, University of Cambridge and Dr Mark Winterbottom, Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge. II. (tick one answer), a) Plantsb) Animalsc) Plants and animalsd) None of the above5. Molecular oxygen is released into the atmosphere. What is the primary energy source of living organisms on earth? Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! This hypothesis is known as the endosymbiotic hypothesis, and discusses the evolutionary origin of mitochondria and chloroplasts. ATP is an energy source for the reactions of the chemical stage. Now that you have finished studying Photosynthesis, these are your options: Give access to Biology Q&As to someone you like. In this situation, all glucose produced is consumed and there is no incorporation of material into the plant. The resulting ATP is then consumed during the next chemical stage of photosynthesis to transfer energy to carbon dioxide for the formation of glucose. I. FAD plays a role in cellular respiration. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. The availability of carbon dioxide is a limiting factor for photosynthesis because this gas is a reagent of the reaction. (Application) How might the information gained from this lab pertaining to photosynthesis and pigments be useful to you, or how can you apply this knowledge to your everyday life as a non-scientist? b) Blackmann. The photolysis of water, the release of molecular oxygen, and the photophosphorylation of ADP, and the resulting of ATP and NADPH are the processes that occur during the photochemical stage of photosynthesis. 2. The following raw materials are required for photosynthesis: (i) Carbon Dioxide: Plants get CO 2 from atmosphere through stomata. Questions on photosynthesis: In which organelles does the process take place? Stratospheric Ozone is thinning and a “hole” occurs over Antarctica, which: (tick one answer) a)    causes global warming by increasing radiation absorbed from sunlightb)    is caused by CO2 emissionsc)    allows dangerous uv radiation to penetrate causing cancer and blindness in animalsd)    leads to atmospheric warming due to uv radiation. Manganese: Manganese is the catalyst found in the photosynthetic core of plants.A single atom of manganese triggers the natural process that uses sunlight to split water. Plants, algae and cyanobacteria are photosynthetic organisms. d. oxygen and water. The process is complex but with the sun, water, nutrients from the soil, oxygen, and chlorophyll, a plant makes its own food in order to survive. Photorespiration occurs: (tick one answer)a)    Instead of conventional respiration processes in the lightb)    At a higher rate than conventional respiration processes in the lightc)    To generate ATP for maintenance and growth Misconception – the use of water split during photosynthetic light reactions to provide oxygen dehydrates a leaf12. Besides ADP photophosphorylation, light energy is also responsible for the breaking down of water molecules during photosynthesis through a process known as water photolysis. You will get a different set of questions each time you attempt this quiz. Intense nuclear reactions in the sun release light and other energy radiation into the surrounding space. The answers will depend strongly on the effect of photosynthesis carried out by land and sea organisms. In this process, nutrients from the leaves travel to storage sites: branches, the trunk and roots. … a) Van Niel. … The formula for photosynthesis is: The reactants are carbon dioxide, water, and light energy. Click here. Free electrons, hydrogen ions and molecular oxygen are released during water photolysis. ... A group of pupils investigated the way in which the colour of light affects photosynthesis. In cyanobacteria, there are no chloroplasts and chlorophyll layers are dispersed in the cytosol. It has been confirmed via experiments that the most useful colors for photosynthesis are blue and red. The experiment is carried out with each of the colors and, after days, each plant's development is compared. GK Questions & Answers on Photosynthesis in Plants Set I Photosynthesis is a process through which plants prepare its own food in the form of glucose from carbon dioxide and water in … c. sugar and oxygen. At midday, what is happening in the leaf of a plant? Intro to photosynthesis. Light excites chlorophyll and energizes electrons that jump off the molecule. Photosynthesis Quiz: Test Your Knowledge! The bonds in glucose can be broken and used for energy by the plants. Water used in photosynthetic light reactions: (tick one answer)a)    Is a significant proportion of leaf waterb)    Leads to dehydration and drought stress;c)    Only uses 2 mols H2O per mol O2 evolved, relative to 1000 water vapour mols transpiredMisconception – Photosystem I and II occur in pairs, coupled by the electron transport components in chloroplast thylakoid membranes13. Multiple choice quiz of 20 questions. [Misconception - Plants ingest all of their food from the soil. In sulfur photosynthetic bacteria, the substance that donates hydrogen is hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) and not water. (ii)Water: Plants absorb water from soil through roots and transport to leaves. For example, the typical efficiency of plants is 0.1% or 0.2-2%, the typical efficiency of crop plants is 1-2%, and the plant which has the maximum efficiency of 7-8% is sugarcane. 2. Quiz over photosynthesis that focuses on how oxygen is split, providing and electron that eventually results in the formation of ATP. 3. © 2020. This is an advanced quiz intended for students in AP Biology. They act as accessory pigments. Thinking about photosynthesis and respiration in plants, which statement is correct: (tick one answer)a) Photosynthesis is the opposite of respirationb) Photosynthesis and respiration both occur in plantsc) Only photosynthesis occurs in plants d) Respiration for maintenance and growth only occurs in the darkMisconception – All the energy captured in photosynthesis is used to synthesise carbohydrates8. The plants whose development was normal performed satisfactory photosynthesis while those with abnormal development underused the light. As a result, there is no positive balance of glucose or depletion of carbohydrate stores. from carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil, Mainly photosynthesis and some respiration, Photosynthesis and respiration both occur in plants, Only in the light in intact plants, although will work in the dark in a test-tube, At a higher rate than conventional respiration processes in the light, How Photosystems I and II are spatially separated between thylakoid stacks and intrathylakoid lamellae, coupled by mobile electron carriers which shuttle back and forth through the membrane, are virtually carbon/oxygen neutral as respiration = photosynthesis across an annual cycle in an untouched forest, allows dangerous uv radiation to penetrate causing cancer and blindness in animals. Each section should take approximately 30 minutes to 1 … Practice: Photosynthesis. What are the products of photosynthesis? Glucose and oxygen. Like mitochondria, chloroplasts have their own DNA, RNA and ribosomes and self-replicate through binary division. The enzyme that catalyzes the reaction is ATP synthase. Photosynthesis - AQA test questions - AQA. In a situation in which the respiration rate is greater than the photosynthesis rate, glucose consumption is higher than glucose production. Rainforests are often described as the ‘lungs of the earth’ which statement is correct: (tick one answer)a) we need them to renew the oxygen we breathe each yearb) purify pollutants from the airc) are virtually carbon/oxygen neutral as respiration = photosynthesis across an annual cycle in an untouched forestd) not sureMisconception – the Ozone hole causes global warming (it is caused by atmospheric pollutants interacting with sunlight) 15. Photosynthesis is divided into the photochemical stage, or light reactions, and the chemical stage. Try it as often as you like. The sun, the center of our planetary … Back to Science for Kids The application will be graded according to the rubric below. As a result, the plant stops growing. Photosynthesis - All living things need food and energy to survive. Photosynthesis takes place in two separate but dependant series of steps, the light reactions and the photosynthetic carbon reduction cycle; this second cycle (also known as the dark reaction / light independent stage / or the Calvin-(Benson-Bassham)* cycle) of photosynthesis occurs: a) Only in the dark in intact plantsb) In the light and dark in intact plants c) Only in the light in intact plants, although will work in the dark in a test-tubed) None of the above (*now we are trying to recognise the contribution from Calvin’s co-workers)Misconception- Photorespiration occurs in the light, and (dark) respiration in the dark11. 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Papers links which contain MCQs ( multiple Choice questions ) on photosynthesis in!